Vietnam: A Clear Winner in PISA 2012
There is a theory called "mindset" developed by Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck that helps explain how people achieve and succeed. In this theory, there are two kinds of "mindset":
- fixed mindset: People believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence or talent, are simply fixed traits. They spend their time documenting their intelligence or talent instead of developing them. They also believe that talent alone creates success—without effort. They’re wrong.
- growth mindset: People believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work—brains and talent are just the starting point. This view creates a love of learning and a resilience that is essential for great accomplishment. Virtually all great people have had these qualities.
"...particularly in East Asia, they give a great value to education. They attract great people into the teaching profession.
They attract the most talented teachers into the most challenging classrooms, something the U.S. has great difficulties with. I mean, every student believes that they are the owners of their success, that investment in learning, effort is going to make a difference, not talent."Looking at the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results, with the above consideration, a bright spot in basic education is indeed visible in one system: Basic Education in Vietnam. Poverty is indeed an enormous challenge in basic education. It breeds achievement gaps right at the very beginning of formal schooling. Yet, in a country where a super majority of children can be considered living below poverty, students outscore those who are residing in relatively more wealthy countries. In fact, students in Vietnam who belong to the lowest socio-economic quartile (the poorest of the poor) are able to score at the highest level of the PISA exam:
|The above graph made use of OECD data for PISA math 2012 and Gini coefficient|