The Philippines and the United Nations' Millenium Development Goals
PHL is Asia's 'worst performer' in MDGs, says UN official
The above is the title of a news article from GMA network. One can easily relate to this title by browsing through the 2013 Human Development Report. The following is Figure 2 of the report, highlighting the fact that quite a number of developing countries have significantly improved their human development index:
|Above figure copied from http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2013_EN_complete.pdf|
One of the (MDG) goals is universal primary education. In this area, the following figures relate the current situation:
|Downloaded from Philippines' MDG Status and Project Map|
|Above table downloaded from http://www.undp.org.ph/?link=goal_2|
In terms of efficiency of the elementary school system, more children in the rural areas were disadvantaged than in urban areas. Among the reasons for the urban-biased elementary completion rate are the high number of incomplete school buildings in rural/remote areas, much higher malnutrition rates and incidence of child labor in rural areas compared with the urban areas (in 2001 for example, 7 out of 10 working children in the 5-17 age group resided in the rural areas).
It is interesting to note that participation rates in primary education by region is inversely correlated with the incidence rates for food and overall poverty. The regions with highest participation rates showed the lowest poverty incidence rates, namely, the NCR, Ilocos Region, Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, and CALABARZON. Accordingly, these five regions had the highest cohort survival rates and lowest dropout rates. The observed correlations among these variables suggest that investment in primary education is promising for poverty reduction. The above correlations support the importance of adopting progressive approaches in fighting poverty and investing in primary education. Such an approach raises the likelihood of accelerating the realization of MDG targets.The above tells us what the current problems really are. We simply need to pay attention.