Textbook Plague in the Philippines
With regard to textbook problems in the Philippines, there is currently a petition online to recall some textbooks in the Philippines:
|Visit Change.org to sign this petition|
Learning materials in basic education require a thoughtful preparation. It is obvious that education policy makers in the Philippines have not taken the task of providing learning materials for students seriously. The problems are not confined to books in the Ilokano language. The problems are everywhere. I am reposting here something I have posted on this blog on several occasions. These problems have been plaguing the Philippines for so many years:
Outside the classroom, textbooks are often the only resource to which all students can have access. A teacher can only be available during class time or office hours, but a textbook is within reach twenty four hours, seven days a week. Textbooks likewise guide teachers on what to teach. Good textbooks are rich with exercises and problems. Working through these activities is an effective way of studying. Even with the obvious and significant role textbooks play in learning, it is still important to measure their impact on education. Like teachers, classrooms and other resources, textbooks come with costs. It is helpful then to weigh the costs and benefits of using textbooks especially when resources are very limited. A carefully controlled experiment designed to yield this information is not easy to perform. Why would a group of students or their parents agree not to use a textbook just to inform us on how important textbooks are? In fact, people realize how important textbooks are that some have taken the responsibility of producing them for poor children. An example is the story of Zakes Ncanywa:
|Above copied from the Mail & Guardian|
95% of students in SAT have textbooks compared to 58% in CEB schools. To help visualize how much 0.2 of a standard deviation is, here is a paragraph from Stanford's Eric A. Hanushek:
Amazingly, it is equivalent to the effects of having a good teacher as opposed to having an instructor who is simply average. The annual cost per pupil in a Honduras' CEB school to support teachers' wages is about $300. The annual additional cost per pupil for the required textbooks in an SAT school is about $30, only 10 percent of the cost of a teacher.
In the Philippines, it may seem that Joy Rizal is writing endlessly about textbook problems in the Philippines. The following are just samples of Rizal's articles posted on this blog:
school district of Bukidnon, not delivering any of the promised second grade material for our children
to use in their classes.
a student cannot really tell which is grammatically correct: "Which set of numbers" or "Which set of number".
This maybe ...
incompetence and corruption within DepEd and the rallying cause of improving basic education,
DepEd can well serve as an ...
ability to keep and insure will happen on time, according to schedule, are breaks and holidays.
According to the official DepEd ...