Inquiry-Based Teaching Practices and Student's Science Achievement
- Use of models or applications (coded as APPLICATIONS) - explaining what students learn in science inside the classroom relates to the outside world.
- Laboratory (hands-on) activities (coded as HANDS_ON) - doing experiments to explore a concept in science.
- Interaction (coded as INTERACTION) - classroom activities that allow for debate and discussion among the students
- Independent Investigation (coded as INVESTIGATIONS) - students are asked to design their own experiments and test their own ideas.
...the evidence seems to strongly suggest that students who independently select and carry out such investigations tend to have lowered science achievement....