A blog that tackles issues on basic education (in the Philippines and the United States) including early childhood education, the teaching profession, math and science education, medium of instruction, poverty, and the role of research and higher education.
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Congress Railroads K+12 Bill Even As DepEd Admits Lack of Preparation
MANILA – The House of Representatives is at it again.
ACT Teachers party-list Representative Antonio Tinio denounced the House of Representatives for approving House Bill 6643 or the Revised Basic Education Reform Act of 2012 on second reading and without amendments even as several lawmakers were protesting against what they said as the Aquino government’s lack of preparation and commitment to fully fund the kindergarten to grade 12 (K+12) program.
Tinio revealed that during committee and plenary deliberations, the bill’s proponents failed to prove that the Department of Education (DepEd) is ready to effectively implement the entire program. The lawmaker pointed out that the DepEd failed to give acceptable or convincing answers to concerns raised, particularly those involving the perennial problems of teacher/ classroom/ textbook, and other resource shortages.
“For the K to 12 reform program to significantly improve the quality of basic education, it must first solve existing shortages. Sadly, there is no indication anywhere in the bill of the intention to do so,” Tinio said. “With the creation of 61,510 teacher items, the Aquino administration will halve the current teacher shortage but K to 12 proponents failed to show that this en masse hiring will be sustained in the coming years. And how about the other critical resources?”
Tinio argued that the DepEd has not yet fully developed and tested the new curriculum for all the grade levels, including kinder and the additional two years of high school.
During plenary debates on Tuesday, October 16, Tinio argued that the bill’s appropriations clause, a standard provision usually cut-copy-pasted by lawmakers in drafting bills, is insufficient to bind the Aquino and succeeding administrations into fully funding the program.
Tinio said the opposite was the case: the bill’s provisions reveal the intention to let the private sector fill up the gaps in the public education system. He said that more students would be forced to enrol in private schools because public schools would continue to have bloated class sizes, and suffer from a lack of teachers. The government-run schools will also “incentivize” their admission through subsidies such as the Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education (GASTPE) program and the voucher system.
Classrooms, on the other hand, will be built through private-public partnership schemes, which have been proven in other countries to be more expensive than public funding in the long run.
“Reliance on these forms of privatization reveals Aquino’s plan to use the K to 12 program to privatize education, make it more prohibitive for majority of Filipino children, and deprive them of their right to accessible education,” Tinio warned.
Tinio feared the K to 12 bill’s hasty approval on final reading once session resumes in two weeks, as its proponents did not consider the valid points he and other lawmakers raised during committee and plenary debates.
Another lawmaker, Kabataan Partylist Rep. Raymond Palatino said the K+12 scheme inherently has “dangers.”
During Palatino’s interpellation in the plenary in October 17, he was able to secure responses from the main proponents of the K+12 bill wherein they admitted that the DepEd is still pilot-testing the curricular reforms for the program.
“My point is this: Why is Congress rushing to pass this bill instead of waiting for the assessment of the pilot-testing?” Palatino said.
Mai Uichanco, secretary general of the League of Filipino Students (LFS), reiterated concerns on the readiness of the government to implement the K-12 program. “There are still issues that need to be resolved — the issues of ample budgeting, issues pertaining to the curriculum, and the overall readiness of the government to jumpstart K+12,” she said. “Rushing the implementation of this program would have dire effects on students. DepEd has yet to address and fill the shortages in the basic education sector, and now they want K+12 to push through even if schools, teachers, and DepEd itself are far from being prepared.”
Several LFS members protested inside the plenary yesterday as Congress was passing the bill via viva voce voting.
For her part, National Union of Students of the Philippines secretary general Issa Baguisi charged that the underlying motive of K+12 was to feed the global need for cheap labor.
“DepEd needs to review the K-12 curriculum. It’s quite possible that the integration of technical vocational courses in high school – instead of teaching students basic subjects they need to contribute to national development – is a move of the government to push more Filipinos to work outside the country as cheap migrant labor,” she said.
Under the K-12 curriculum, students will be taught four preparatory technical vocational courses in Grades 7 and 8. In Grades 9-12, students can choose their specialization, similar to courses offered by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), which includes aquaculture, tailoring, carpentry, caregiving, and household services, among others.
Palatino argued that curricular reforms are not enough to resolve the high drop-out rates in the high school level.
“The DepEd already decongested the basic education curriculum under the Revised Basic Education Curriculum (RBEC) over a decade ago. Yet, we still have high drop-out rates,” Palatino explained. “If we implement the K+12 program, can we promise those who will graduate under it that they will have jobs immediately after? No, the government cannot promise that. Even college graduates now find it hard to find suitable and good-paying jobs,” he said.
The youth solon said legislators should reconsider their position on the K+12 bill during the third reading, which is expected to take place in November when Congress resumes.
“Adding two more years to basic education translates to added burdens, both on part of the government and the families of students. Two more years of education is tantamount to two more years of torture,” Palatino said.
TANONG: ANO ANG KTO12 PROGRAM? SAGOT: Ang Kto12 Program ng gobyerno ng Pilipinas ay tumutukoy sa pagkakaroon ng mandatory o required na kindergarten at karagdagang 2 taon sa dating 10-year Basic Education Cycle. Kung noon, pagkatapos ng anim na taon sa elementarya at apat na taon sa hayskul (kabuuang 10 taon) ay maaari nang makapagkolehiyo ang mga estudyante. Sa ilalim ng Kto12, bago makapagkolehiyo, kailangan pa nilang dumaan sa karagdagang 2 taon pagkatapos ng apat na taong hayskul. Sa bagong sistema, tinatawag na senior high school o junior college ang karagdagang 2 tao…
Congestion means overcrowding. In simple terms, there is too much in too little space or time. To avoid congestion one can either increase space or time, or reduce whatever is taking space or time. In introducing K to 12 to the Philippines, the Department of Education made the claim, "...the sad state of basic education can be partly attributed to the congested basic education curriculum." A closer examination of DepEd's K to 12, however, reveals not a decongestion, but a reduction of instructional hours across the first ten years of education.
Here are the changes for elementary school:
There is a reduction in both languages and mathematics of about 10 percent in instructional time. Below are the changes in secondary school:
Here, the decrease in instructional hours is even greater. Science, for instance suffers a 33 percent reduction. Adding two years to basic education may indeed look good on paper as a way of decongesting the curriculum. However, if the first ten yea…
There is information to be gained from data. Tests in schools can be informative. Scores of students provide a quick glimpse of the current state of education. Thus, it is useful to have these numbers. These numbers may not tell everything in detail with high accuracy. Nevertheless, test results allow for a useful perspective. The National Achievement Test administered by the Department of Education (DepEd) in the Philippines, a set of standardized tests addressing the major subjects taught in school, is an example. These tests are given to Grade 3 where students are assessed in both English and Filipino (These two subjects comprise two thirds of the exam) and Math and Science (These two account for the remaining one third). A different set of tests is given to Grade 6 pupils where each of the following 5 subjects is assigned 40 items: (Science, Math, English, Filipino and Social Studies). Another set is administered to fourth year high school students (This is currently the last year…