Are You Good at Math?
|Above copied from Lolpirates.com|
Performance in mathematics can be assessed in various ways. Even before calculus or algebra, there exists an array of measures that can help characterize a child's mathematical ability.
- Calculation - This directly measures the ability of a child to add, subtract, multiply or divide.
- Problem solving - In this assessment, a child needs to read a given text, process the information, and apply the appropriate mathematical operations to arrive at the answer.
|Above copied from loveteachingkids.com|
- Number-Line Task - A child is required to position a number along a line. It is an assessment of symbolic number approximation.
|Above copied from the Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center|
- Dots Task - This assessment usually shows momentarily a picture of dots in two different colors and a child is then asked to estimate which color has more dots.
|Above copied from Panamath.org|
- Class 1: Very low achievers with mixed numerosity.
- Class 2: Low symbolic number approximation.
- Class 3: Low nonsymbolic number approximation.
- Class 4: High performers.
- Class 5: Anxious low achievers.
One observation that may be drawn by comparing classes 4 and 5, which encompass almost ninety percent of the children in this study, is that the level of anxiety is inversely related to achievement in math. This study only provides a correlation and does not establish a causal relationship between anxiety and performance. It is not known whether anxiety causes low performance or low performance leads to greater anxiety. This is very likely a two-way relationship. The researchers, however, write "Child specific environment influences are implicated":