Why Science Education Matters in the Early Grades
When K to 12 was introduced in the Philippines, there was greater emphasis on language acquisition and learning. First grade students spend most of their time on "oral fluency". Giovanni Tapang described this move by the Department of Education in an article in the Inquirer:
Several days ago, Education Secretary Armin Luistro was reported to have announced that Science would be dropped from the subjects being taught at the Grade 1 level. This decision of the Department of Education is based on the design of the K+12 curriculum and the department’s efforts to decongest the Basic Education curriculum. Instead of Science, the Grade 1 curriculum will focus on “oral fluency” and include learning areas on the Mother Tongue, Filipino, Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao, Mapeh (Music, Art, Physical Education and Health), Mathematics, Araling Panlipunan (Social Studies) and English. Science will be introduced as a subject only at Grade 3.
|Above copied from|
Hwang, H., & Duke, N. K. (2020). Content Counts and Motivation Matters: Reading Comprehension in Third-Grade Students Who Are English Learners. AERA Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858419899075
Results of this study also call into question the practice of pulling students who are English language learners out of content area instruction in order to teach them basic reading and language skills at the expense of content knowledge development.What the Philippines did in its overhaul of the basic education system is in fact identical to what the authors are warning us about. It is also identical to what we often do when we deem students as "not advanced" and therefore should be provided only with a lighter more basic curriculum.