Evidence, Drugs and Crime
|Above copied from The Lancet|
Third, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) have enumerated the following unintended consequences of drug policies similar to those employed by the Duterte administration:
- Black market: the creation of a lucrative and violent criminal black market for drugs of macroeconomic proportions.
- Policy displacement from health to law enforcement, drawing public resources and political attention away from public health considerations towards law enforcement and security.
- Geographical displacement as crackdowns on drug productionand trade push them, and with them, crime, violence, and destabilization, to new geographic areas.
- Substance displacement: the unwitting creation of incentives for users to switch from heavily policed drugs to a drug with similar effects with less stringent controls, creating new patterns of drug use and markets.
- Criminalization and marginalization of people who use drugs, often amplified through the use of the criminal justice system to address drug use and minor possession. Drug-related incarceration rates are, in many countries, highest amongst young, poor, marginalized populations, often having lifelong –or even, in some cases, multi-generational – consequences on human and social development.