Crime Rate: Poverty, Wages, Deterrence, and Basic Education
Similar findings have been made by Miguel F. Gillado and Tina Tan-Cruz. In their 2004 paper, Panel Data Estimation of Crime Rates in the Philippines, the following factors are shown to correlate strongly with crime:
- per capita gross regional domestic product;
- average income of the people in urban and rural;
- consumer price index;
- cohort survival rate in elementary education.