I Am Poor. What Would Help Me Succeed in School?
The educational system in Chile represents one of the most socio-economic segregated schools in the world. Paying attention to scores of students from Chile therefore provides a good set of data to explore what characterizes poor children who manage to beat the odds in school. In the PISA Reading exam of 2009, about a third (384 students) of children in the lowest socioeconomic quartile (1096 students) who took the exam, managed to score at or above the national average. These students are considered "resilient". Several characteristics for these "resilient" and "nonresilient" children are then examined to reveal what factors correlate with higher reading scores. These are some of the characteristics found to correlate with "resilient" students:
- There are more girls
- They often belong to a family where the mother stays at home
- They tend to have parents who are more educated
- They are less likely to live in a single-parent household
- They prefer to read nonfiction over fiction
- They enjoy reading