The following are some of the exhibits provided by The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). This is an interesting study because it includes both the Philippines and the United States. It also includes countries that perform very well in international standardized exams in math like Singapore and Taipei. The first one is a qualitative description of the amount of control over higher education institutions responsible for the training of math teachers. With this criterion, the Philippines as well as the United States belong to the group where there is "weak control". The highperforming countries, on the other hand, belong to the "strong control" set.
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
The next exhibit groups the countries according to how attractive the teaching profession is perceived. In this grouping, once again, Taipei and Singapore belong to the "highly attractive" group while teaching in the Philippines is deemed "low" in atractiveness:
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
The Philippines ranks in the middle at least in one criterion. The Philippines does require a licensure examination in order to teach in a public school.
Of course, there are other factors that come into play in basic education. The following exhibit highlights some of these factors. In this list, it can be seen that the Philippines demands quite a bit on its basic education system. It is tied with Botswana in terms of the percentage of the population requiring basic education. Unfortunately, while the needs are high, the expenditure (expressed as percent of GDP) is among the lowest for the Philippines. The Philippines has so many students to teach yet it spends the lowest. The bulk of the education budget of any country is the salary of the teachers. Thus, with the relatively low funding of education in the Philippines, it simply follows that teachers in the Philippines are poorly paid. In this list, it should be no surprise that the Philippines has the lowest graduation rate at the end of basic education. It also has the highest number of pupils per teacher. These factors are important. Otherwise, one may completely blame the failure of education on the quality of teaching instruction. These other factors are expected to make basic education in the Philippines much more challenging that in the other countries in this list.
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
Above copied from The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDSM) in 2008 
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