"Bear in mind that the wonderful things you learn in your schools are the work of many generations, produced by enthusiastic effort and infinite labor in every country of the world. All this is put into your hands as your inheritance in order that you may receive it, honor it, add to it, and one day faithfully hand it to your children. Thus do we mortals achieve immortality in the permanent things which we create in common." - Albert Einstein

Friday, March 11, 2016

The Possible Detrimental Impacts of DepEd K to 12's TLE and TVL Tracks

In "The False Promise and Empty Threat of DepEd's K+12", data from countries all over the world are shared to show that "vocational education and training offers no guarantee as a solution to youth unemployment." Worse, a study from China now suggests that "vocational schooling as a substitute for academic schooling can have detrimental consequences for building human capital in developing countries such as China."

Above copied from the World Bank Economic Review (WBER)
DepEd's K to 12 senior high school years are categorized into different tracks. Using projections made by DepEd on the number of teachers required, it is anticipated that a super majority of the students are expected to take the Technology and Livelihood Education (TLE) and Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (TVL) tracks. And within the Academic track, most are expected to take either the Accountancy, Business and Management or the Humanities and the Social Sciences strands, but not Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. With this in mind, it is indeed troubling to find that research from China demonstrates that vocational schooling leads to:

  1. an absolute reduction in math skills
  2. an increase in school dropouts
  3. greater gaps between low income, low ability pupils and advantaged students 
Therefore, we need to reiterate the major findings of the above WBER paper: 
Taken together, our findings suggest that the rapid expansion of vocational schooling as a substitute for academic schooling can have detrimental consequences for building human capital in developing countries such as China.
This is important especially in the Philippines' situation where students seem to have very limited options but to enroll in TLE or TVL tracks.

Above copied from Philippine Online Chronicles




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