|Above copied from the World Bank Economic Review (WBER)|
- an absolute reduction in math skills
- an increase in school dropouts
- greater gaps between low income, low ability pupils and advantaged students
Taken together, our findings suggest that the rapid expansion of vocational schooling as a substitute for academic schooling can have detrimental consequences for building human capital in developing countries such as China.This is important especially in the Philippines' situation where students seem to have very limited options but to enroll in TLE or TVL tracks.
|Above copied from Philippine Online Chronicles|