"Bear in mind that the wonderful things you learn in your schools are the work of many generations, produced by enthusiastic effort and infinite labor in every country of the world. All this is put into your hands as your inheritance in order that you may receive it, honor it, add to it, and one day faithfully hand it to your children. Thus do we mortals achieve immortality in the permanent things which we create in common." - Albert Einstein

Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Hitting Home: Fairfax Schools Cuts

Fairfax county in Virginia is where my family lives. My son goes to Mason Crest Elementary School, a school in the county's public school system. The county is home to the 11th largest school division in the United States. It is also home to the largest fleet of school buses. With regard to quality of education, Fairfax County Public Schools are among the best. The following scores from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) demonstrate that students in Fairfax county perform as well as the top ranking countries. Fairfax county scores are well above the average scores of students in the US.


Country Reading
Mean
Math
Mean
Science
Mean
Shanghai-China    556 600 575
Hong Kong-China  533 555 549
Finland        536 541 554
Singapore 526 562 542
Korea 539 546 538
Fairfax County  530 540 537
Japan 520 529 539
Canada 524 527 529
New Zealand 521 519 532
Chinese Taipei  495 543 520
Netherlands 508 526 522
Australia                     515 514 527
Liechtenstein 499 536 520
Switzerland  501 534 517
Estonia 501 512 528
Germany  497 513 520
Belgium 506 515 507
Macao-China 487 525 511
Poland 500 495 508
Iceland 500 507 496
Norway 503 498 500
United Kingdom  494 492 514
Denmark 495 503 499
Slovenia  483 501 512
Ireland 496 487 508
France 496 497 498
OECD Average 493 496 501
United States  500 487 502
Hungary 494 490 503
Sweden  497 494 495




One of the schools in Fairfax county, Thomas Jefferson High School, has the following scores: 625 (Reading), 680 (Math), and 625 (Science). Woodson, Oakton and Langley High Schools also had higher scores than Finland and Singapore, the two countries considered as top in basic education.

It is therefore troubling to see that the county is facing budget problems this year:



The proposed cuts are as follows (from the Washington Post):
  • Increasing general education class size by one student: Savings of $19.5 million and would cut 271.5 positions.
  • Increasing special-education class size: Savings of $6.3 million and would cut 70 positions.
  • Cut teacher assistants from kindergarten classrooms: Savings of $6.3 million and would cut 419.4 positions.
  • Cut “Foreign Language in the Elementary Schools” program: Savings of $5.5 million and would cut 62.5 positions.
  • Cut assistant principal positions: Savings of $1.3 million and would cut 12 positions.
  • Cut all elementary school instructional assistants: Savings of $10.2 million and would cut 306 positions.
  • Reduce number of school counselor positions: Savings of $10.2 million and would cut 121.9 positions.
  • Reduce all employee contracts by one day: Savings of $9.1 million.
  • Furlough all employees one day: Savings of $7.9 million.
  • Charge $100 per-student, per-sport athletic participation fee: Revenue of $1.8 million.

And the above still does not add up to avoid the projected $140 million budget deficit.

The Fairfax County Public Schools web site offers an opportunity for its citizens to provide advice/suggestions on how to "Make Fairfax County Schools the Very Best It Can Be". And here are the popular suggestions:

  • Smaller Class Size 
  • Later start time for Fairfax County High School students 
  • Retain our teachers by keeping up with area pay 
  • More time for teaching, less focus on testing 
  • Online books need to be discouraged, not encouraged. 
  • Please find a way to raise teacher salaries. We've had pay freezes that equate to over 100,000 over 12 years. Demoralizing. 
  • Add foreign language to Elementary and Middle school 
  • Reduce the summer vacation by two weeks, and extend winter and spring breaks by one week.

Comparing the above list against the proposed cuts, the dichotomy is so clear. To understand budget deficits, one should look at not only the expenses, but also revenues. To understand the situation in Fairfax county, the following graph is useful. This shows where the money for educating children in Fairfax county comes from:

Figure copied from
http://www.fcps.edu/fs/budget/documents/CitizensGuidetoBudget.pdf

The $140 million budget deficit is about 6% of the annual budget of the Fairfax public school systems. Looking at the above figure, if Fairfax county simply receives a fair share of Virginia's education budget, it is more than enough. The above chart shows that Fairfax county is in fact subsidizing the public school education for the rest of Virginia. This is not necessarily wrong. In fact, it is good that the county does not take that much from the state. In this manner, poorer districts are able to receive greater support from the state government.

Still, the proposed cuts may harm the Fairfax public school system. What do we have to do? What can we do? Before one answers these questions, the following reflection is helpful. While the rest of the country and the world are trying so many ways to have an educational system on par with those of Finland, Korea and Singapore, there is one county in Northern Virginia that has reached that achievement. The United States has spent over $15 billion just in the past eight years on tests, with very little to show in terms of improved education results. Education spending per pupil in Fairfax county is not exceptional. It is in the middle:



What Fairfax spends per pupil in 2013 is even smaller than what other states have spent in 2011:

Above table copied from
http://www.governing.com/gov-data/education-data/state-education-spending-per-pupil-data.html
Fairfax County Public Schools deliver results. With this in mind, the answer should be clear. Fairfax county residents can pay higher taxes. It is money wisely invested in the future of its children. Besides, it will save more than 1200 jobs and will ensure that students with special needs receive the attention and training they need. More than 1 in 4 students in the county qualify for free or reduced price lunch. There is poverty in Fairfax county. Sixteen percent of students do not have English as their mother tongue and about fourteen percent require special education. The county spends in a year about $15,000 per pupil in head start and $21,000 in special education programs. Thus. the average spending for a pupil in the general population is only $11,400. Teachers also have sacrificed enough. Their salaries are low compared to those of the neighboring counties while the cost of living in the area is equal or even higher. Quality education does come with a price.








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